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Description

One of the several representatives of the genus Agyrtria, which has been subsumed in its entirety into Amazilia. Violet-crowned Hummingbird looks very similar to the Green-fronted Hummingbird but has a violet-blue rather than green crown, from where it gets its name. Most hummingbirds love the Pineapple sage (Salvia elegans).
Both sexes’ coloration is alike. The bill is very slender and straight, red but seems black in different angles. Female colors are a little dull and not vibrant as males. Subsp. violiceps have a more rufous tail than subsp. ellioti. The latter has more extensive blue tones on the head, spreading from the crown to the upper cheeks.
This bird looks very similar to the Green-fronted Hummingbird but has a violet-blue rather than green crown, from where it gets its name.
This bird looks very similar to the Green-fronted Hummingbird but has a violet-blue rather than green crown, from where it gets its name. Photo Credit – Dario via Wikipedia
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Diet

The violet-crowned hummingbird (Leucolia violiceps) feeds at low and high levels. Hence, this little gem is taking a wide range of native and exotic plants and flowers such as Agave, Salvia, and Neobuxbaumia, and is not territorial.

Nest & Breeding

The nest may be built near the ground or much higher, usually placed on a horizontal dead twig. After breeding, birds in the north of the range move south for the winter. The species has a rather patchy distribution, especially in the north of its range, but is not thought to be threatened. The nests have been found primarily in sycamores, 7-12+ meters above ground, every so often in oaks, edge of riparian vegetation, and rarely in other plant species.
The violet-crowned hummingbird (Leucolia violiceps) feeds at low and high levels,
The violet-crowned hummingbird (Leucolia violiceps) feeds at low and high levels,

Distribution

The Subsp. violiceps is found in southwest Mexico. The subsp. Ellioti ranges from southern Arizona and southeast New Mexico to northwest and central Mexico. It is also known as Colibrí Corona Violeta (ES) and Ariane à couronne violette (FR).

Habitat

The hummingbird habitats are open riparian and oak woodlands of sycamores and arid to semiarid scrub, parks, gardens; 0–7,400 ft (0–2,250 m. In the United States, it requires wooded riparian habitats such as mountain canyons. This hummingbird is foraging occurs in open areas with flowering agaves, yuccas, and other plants.
The hummingbird habitats are open riparian and oak woodlands of sycamores and arid to semiarid scrub, parks, gardens;
The hummingbird habitats are open riparian and oak woodlands of sycamores and arid to semiarid scrub, parks, gardens. Photo Credit = VJAnderson via Wikimedia

Size & Length

It is a medium-sized hummingbird, which average size and length are 37⁄8–43⁄8 in (10–11 cm).

Weight

The violet-crowned hummingbird average weight is about 5 g

Life Span

The violet-crowned hummingbird’s average life span is about 6.2 years.

Status

The population is stable, hence it is considered as Least Concern. However, population size and the trend are uncertain yet, use of altered habitats as no major threats yet.
The violet-crowned humming average weight is about 5 g
The violet-crowned humming average weight is about 5 g. Photo Credit Bettina Arrigoni via Wikipedia

Range

The violet-crowned humming is a large range in the Southwestern United States and in Mexico. It is a mountain hummingbird so, it ranges from Arizona in the United States to southwestern Mexico, (the Madrean Sky Islands), southernmost California to southwest Texas.

Migration

The violet-hummingbird is a short-distance migrant; however, long-distance migration is never reported.
The violet-crowned humming is a large range in the Southwestern United States and in Mexico.
The violet-crowned humming is a large range in the Southwestern United States and in Mexico. Photo Credit – Alan Vernon
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