Sprains occur when you stretch or tear a ligament, a tough band of fibrous tissue that attaches one bone to another at a joint, such as the ankle or knee. You’ll feel sharp pain, especially if you try to use the joint, and it may swell and turn black and blue.
Sprains – Treatment and Causes
Speed Healing; A sprain can take anywhere from two to eight weeks to heal completely. If you can take more than three steps, you may be able to care for the sprain yourself. If it is painful, don’t put weight on the injured joint. Ice it immediately ice a sprain to relieve the pain and decrease the swelling. Keep the ice on for 20 minutes and reapply three or four times a day until pain and swelling have decreased.
If you sprain your knee, ankle, or another joint so badly that you experience extreme pain and cannot take even three steps on it, or if the injured joint looks disfigured, go to a hospital emergency department, it might be a fracture. Make sure that you wrap the ice in a cloth so that it isn’t in direct contact with you’re skin, and you don’t end up with frostbite.
Elevate the sprained joint, to reduce pain and swelling, you should raise you’re sprained joint above heart level. Bandage it, wrapping you’re sprained joint with an elasticated bandage will compress the surrounding area’s joint and decrease the swelling. The wrapping should be snug around the joint, but not so tight that your blood can’t circulate freely.
Take a pain reliever, an anti-inflammatory such as aspirin and ibuprofen also will ease the pain, use the dosage recommended on the package or ask you’re a physician. If you have a history of peptic ulcers, paracetamol would be a more appropriate choice.