DESCRIPTION
A small Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet (Touit purpuratus) is one of two similar but allopatric Touit parrotlets with brown on the back and red tail.  Only Touit parrotlet with blue rump, and differentiated from T. melanonotus by green, not brown.  They are mostly found in groups of 15 to 40 birds. The breeding season starts in March. On average a clutch contains 3 to 5 eggs.
SUBSPECIES
There are two subspecies differentiated by the color of the crown.
  1. T. p. purpuratus crown and occiput olive-brown; scapulars and tertials dark brown forming “V”-shaped band; lateral tail-feathers violet-red tipped black or green. Range Guianas, northern Brazil, from Amapá and northern Maranhão west to northeastern Amazonas, and southern Venezuela.
  2. T. p. viridiceps crown and occiput green. Range northernmost Brazil, in northwestern Amazonas, and southern Venezuela, west of Cerro Duida in southern Amazonas, west to southeastern Colombia, eastern Ecuador, and northeastern Peru.
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    Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet is rare and unknown in captivity.
    Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet is rare and unknown in captivity. Photo Credit – Pinterest
SIMILAR SPECIES
Lilac-tailed Parrotlet T. batavicus greenish-yellow head; upperparts black with yellow “wing-patch.” Scarletshouldered Parrotlet T. huetii blue face; red underwing coverts; prominent white eye-ring. Forpus parrotlets are smaller green parrots with all-green, wedge-shaped tails; normally on or near the ground in open country. Nannopsittaca parrotlets no brown scapulars, and all-green tail. Short-tailed Brotogeris parakeets orange chin-spot or yellow forecrown; all-green, pointed tail.
DISTRIBUTION
Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet is rare and unknown in captivity. However, these are found in the Amazon River basin; up to 1200m; uncommon. Amacayacu National Park, Amazonas, southernmost Colombia, Cuyabeno Reserve, Sucumbíos, northeastern Ecuador. Ducke Forest Reserve, near Manaus, Amazonas, and Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Cristalino State Park, northern Mato Grosso, Brazil, French Guiana, Venezuela, Peru, and Suriname.
HABITATS
Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet natural habitats are subtropical or tropical swamps, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. It is difficult to spot due to its camouflage by its plumage. Mainly relaxing on the high up in treetops for most of its time.
DIET
Their diet mainly consists of fruit, mainly figs, berries, seeds, and buds.
Size & Weight
Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet is a small size parrot 17cm (6.6 in) in length (including tail), with an average weight of 54-66g (1.9-2.3 oz).
CALLS
It is quiet but Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet call is nasal ny-aah, trisyllabic aa-aaeck and keree-ke-ke. When the birds perched or in flight, give drawn-out, complaining call note, very dissimilar calls of other parrots in range.
A small Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet (Touit purpuratus) is one of two similar but allopatric Touit parrotlets with brown on the back and red tail.
A small Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet (Touit purpuratus) is one of two similar but allopatric Touit parrotlets with brown on the back and red tail. Photo Credit – Twitter – Parrot of the Day
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