Psychiatric Ward - An almost empty ward ina mental hospital in Ohio in 1946. While sleep treatment was still being used at this time to treat schizophrenics, the new technique of lobotomy was comin into vogue. This operation involved surgically removing part of the brain. Between 1945 and 1954, it is estimated that some 100,000 people were lobotomised, half of them in the United States.

Barbiturates 1903 – A Good Night’s Sleep

The history of Barbiturates tells us, that this was introduced in 1903 by two German research chemists. The new drug revolutionized the treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders. Ten to fifteen minutes after taking...
The second Anglo-Afghan War has a rich history. The English Cabinet was making futile attempts to reach an understanding with Russia.

The Second Anglo-Afghan War

The second Anglo-Afghan War has a rich history. The English Cabinet was making futile attempts to reach an understanding with Russia. The Government of India was making equally futile attempts to make friends with...
Casimir Funk also conducted much research on hormones, ulcers, diabetes, peptic and the biochemistry of cancer

Casimir Funk – Who First Revealed Vitamins in 1911

Vitamins are essential elements for health today. It was the Polish-born biochemist Casimir Funk who first revealed the vital role played by vitamins in human metabolism. His work opened up a new field of...
The world's first motorway was built in Berlin. In 1909 the German Automobile Club began investigating the feasibility of constructing a fast road to the west of the city.

Who Built First Motorway in the World?

The world's first motorway was built in Berlin. In 1909 the German Automobile Club began investigating the feasibility of constructing a fast road to the west of the city. Work on the route, which...
Mao Tse-tung Chairman of Communist Party of People's Republic. A soldier politician poet leading interpreter of Marxist-Leninist doctrine

Mao Tse-tung – Founding Father of The People’s Republic of China

The leader of some 700,000,000 Chinese is Mao Tse-tung Chairman of the Communist Party of the People's Republic of China. A soldier, politician, poet, and scholar, he is considered by many as the leading...
Modified Ist Admiralty Pattern Talbot, The First Armoured were modified touring cars. The chassis for the six cars of this pattern, made in November 1914. These were supplied by Clement-Talbot Ltd., of North Kensington London. They were open topped and carried two maximum machine guns which fired over the side amour.

The Armoured Cars and Tanks

Motor cars had made their appearance in the closing years of the nineteenth century. By the time that war broke out the efficiency and reliability of the internal combustion engine. On which these machines...
(Left to right) Deputy Führer Rudolf Hess, Hitler, and Gauleiter Julius Streicher.

Memorable Photographs of Nazi History

Within three years of their first electoral success, the Nazis get hold of political power in Germany when Adolf Hitler became chancellor on January 30, 1933. That beautiful clear evening Hitler stood in the...
It provided an ideal opportunity (and the first) for British aviation scientists to study the intricacies and details of Zeppelin technology at first hand.

The Wrecking and the Wreck of Zeppelin LZ33

On the night of September 24th, 1916, the Zeppelin L33 was brought down by the combined efforts of the London defenses and 2nd Lieut. A de B Brandon of 39 Squadron, flying his BE2c...
The Fax Machine with laser-quality print, produce faxes that are far more legible and durable than old ones made on heat sensitive paper, which soon faded and became unreadable.

When Was Fax Machine Invented?

When Was Fax Machine Invented? From the mid-19th century, inventors had been working on ways of transmitting words and images down the telegraph or the telephone wires. The German physicist Arthur Korn is generally...
Like the Greek historian Thucydides & American historian Francis Parkman, Samuel Eliot Morison writes his books from firsthand experiences.

Samuel Eliot Morison – Famous American Scholar & Historian

Like the Greek historian Thucydides and the American historian Francis Parkman, Samuel Eliot Morison writes his books as much as possible from firsthand experiences. Indirect contact with the events that he recorded in his...
Sake Dean Mahomed was born in May 1759. His association with British East India Company not only supported him to learn the English language.

Sake Dean Mahomed – First Indian to Publish a Book in English

Who was Sake Dean Mahomet? He was a soldier, a masseuse, a restaurateur, a doctor, a litterateur, an entrepreneur, a Muslim, and a Christian.  He was an extraordinary man who spiced up the life of an...
History of Chromatography term “chromatography” was coined by Mikhail Tsvet drawing on two Greek Roots: Chroma (color) & graphein (writing). 

The History of Chromatography

The History of Chromatography is very interesting to know. But the word might also be a play on the botanist’s own surname, which means ‘color’ in Russian. According to this interpretation, ‘chromatography’ would literally mean...
The obelisk of the Englishman's attentions was Cleopatra's Needle, sixty-eight feet tall It had been presented to England half a century earlier by the Egyptian ruler Muhammed Ali.

Obelisk’s – Symbols of Conquest and Mysterious Power

An Obelisk's Perilous Voyage Egypt's stone originally raised in homage to the sun have been coveted since Roman times as symbols of conquest and mysterious power. it is  Weighing an average of 150 tons,...
Johannes Hevelius published the first detailed map of the surface of the Moon in 1647. He was born on 28 Jan 1611 in Danzig a city in Poland.

Johannes Havelius – First Man Who Map the Moon

Johannes Hevelius published the first detailed map of the surface of the Moon in 1647. He was born on 28 January 1611 in Danzig (Gdansk), now a city in Poland. His German name was...
John Hays Hammond Jr. lives and works in a medieval-style castle, which he built on rocky New England coast near Gloucester, Massachusetts.

John Hays Hammond Jr. – The Father of Radio Control

An "inventor's inventor," whose hundreds of patents underlie much of our modern technology. John Hays Hammond Jr. lives and works in a medieval-style castle, which he built on the rocky New England coast near...
Bohdan Winiarski was elected president of International Court of Justice by his fourteen fellow judges on Apr 5, 1961 and judicial arm of UN.

Bohdan Winiarski – Former Polish Politician and Jurist

Bohdan Winiarski was elected president of the International Court of Justice by his fourteen fellow judges on April 5, 1961. Bohdan Winiarski of Poland will continue to preside over the judicial arm of the...
Success of aeroplane led quickly introduction of First Ever AirMail. In Vanguard 17 Feb 1911, Fred Wiseman made first official airmail flight

The First Ever Airmail Must Get Through?

The success of the aeroplane led quickly to the introduction of airmail. United States in the vanguard and on 17 February 1911, Fred Wiseman made the first official airmail flight. He was carrying three letters...
The World Takes Wing & Adventure of Flight? First intrepid aviators who lifted off in heavier than air machines the urge to fly and strenuous

The World Takes Wing – The Adventure of Flight

The World Takes Wing – The Adventure of Flight? The first intrepid aviators who lifted off in heavier than air machines were all too aware of the huge gulf between the urge to fly...
The award to the German doctor Gerhard Domagk of the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology was announced in 1939.

Gerhard Domagk – Nobel Prize Winner in Physiology

The award to the German doctor Gerhard Domagk of the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology was announced in 1939. That is for his discovery seven years earlier of the "antibacterial effects of Prontosil."...
How are you feeling about “Ruff” The British Brown Dog Riots of 1907? Sometimes experimenting with animals generates some strong feelings.

‘RUFF’ – The Brown Dog Riots of 1907

How are you feeling about “Ruff” The Brown Dog Riots of 1907? Sometimes experimenting with animals generates some strong feelings. And results in the occasional nutter breaking into a laboratory. But that’s nothing compared...

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