The tortoise is one of the oldest species on our planet. Here are 10 Important Facts about Turtles Not Everyone Knows about this amazing creature that you may not be aware of.
The oldest creature – the tortoise is one of the oldest creatures in the world. Their earliest specimens date back to the Triassic period 260 million years ago. Fortunately, turtles’ habit of burrowing and living in water led to their long-term survival on this land.
In the animal kingdom, long-lived creatures live almost all of them. A typical tortoise can live between 10 and 80 years of age, while large breed turtles often live more than 100 years. Because it is difficult to accurately measure the age of more than a century, researchers believe that turtles can live hundreds of years. Galápagos tortoises are observed to live for more than 150 years. However, an Aldabra giant tortoise which is called “Adwaita” may have lived a predictable 255 years. Overall, most tortoise species can live 80–150 years.
Hundreds of species of turtles – There are currently 356 known species of turtles. These are all reptiles and they all have hard shells on their bodies. This is the only similarity between them. Some of the specific species include sea turtles, leather shells on the back, snapping turtles, pond turtles, and softshell turtlesAdvertisement
Semi-aquatic and aquatic turtles – It belongs to the testosterone family, which includes reptiles, and their bodies are protected by a hard outer shell. The main difference between turtles and tortoises is that tortoises live exclusively on land, while most turtles live in or around water
Meat and herbivorous tortoises – Most tortoises are actually vegetarians, but one particular species is almost entirely carnivorous. These typical turtles eat everything from small fish to small mammals found in water.
Eggs – all species of turtles lay eggs on the ground, but they are not animals that raise their young. No breed of turtle breeds its own offspring. When babies hatch, they grow on their own.
The sex of turtles is determined by temperature, – just like crocodiles. If the temperature is below 27.7 degrees Celsius, a male tortoise is born from the egg. But if the hatching of the egg is above 31 degrees Celsius, the female is born. As the oceans get warmer, so do more female turtle.
Surprising direction – The Sea turtles have the amazing ability to return to the very shore where they were born years ago. Like many animals, turtles find their way into the ocean by sensing the individual lines of the earth’s magnetic field. They also detect small changes in coastal magnetic lines and reach their birthplace.
Turtles have a very good ability to see in good looking water. Researchers have discovered that they can see a range of different colors and even prefer some colors over other colors. Although sea turtles are known for their in-house GPS, there is evidence that they do not see well on land beyond the water.
The survival of six of the seven species of turtles is threatened by human activity after many species have survived for two to four million years. Every year thousands of turtles die in fishermen’s nets. In some parts of the world, they are killed for eggs, meat, and shells.
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